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INTRODUCTION

Mystical, unique, mysterious and of course inspiring. Although the preliminary studies on it date back to the 1960s, Göbeklitepe, which is known to have been discovered by Klaus Schmidt in 1994, means much more to us than an archaeological excavation site. It was prepared and arranged by prehistoric people who had not yet developed metal tools or even pottery. We are talking about an architectural marvel, consisting of huge carved stones of about 11,000 years, which contain unique symbols.

Each and every find obtained during the excavations in Göbekli Tepe pushes back the assumptions about the beginning of human civilization. As every temple, pillar and engraving at this neolithic site is excavated, a new message of the story of human history and prehistoric cultures survives.

Göbekli Tepe's biggest impact is that it radically changes our understanding of our hunter-gatherer ancestors. It was generally thought that hunter-gatherers were far from such elements as art, and were groups of people who were unable to build large structures. Similarly, it was thought that hunter-gatherers did not have complex symbol systems, social hierarchies were not yet clear, and the distribution of tasks was very limited.

However, if Göbeklitepe was built by nomadic hunter-gatherers who did not settle down, then we need to rethink this idea completely. Because without these, it is impossible to build a structure that spans an area of almost 90,000 square meters.

Animal Figures and Symbols

Mysterius Rituels

The animal figure drawings in Göbeklitepe allow us to make inferences about the living things that the people who built this temple encountered in their daily lives and the spiritual relationships they had with these creatures.

In addition to the normally drawn hunted animals and wild animals, there are also very interesting visuals. One of the pillars has a drawing of a scorpion the size of a small bag; However, we know that no scorpion of this size has ever lived. In the same drawing, we see that the ribs of a jackal-like animal are broken open. Another features an eyeless "duck"-like drawing, which floats above a highly detailed wild boar. In another relief, the general outline of a fox is drawn. In another drawing, a vulture carries a round object on one of its wings. Beneath her feet is the body of a man with his head cut off.

While all these symbols take people on a mysterious historical journey, they also contain points to be inspired.

Arcitecture

Informative Architectural Design

It is thought that the people who built Göbeklitepe observed the sky and shaped the architecture of Göbekli Tepe according to the findings they obtained from these observations. Each area, which is circularly formed and has "totem"-like T-shaped columns inside, is thought to be an ancient observatory. The researchers suggest that the positions of the Sun and stars influence this architecture.